/11 Things You Didn’t Know About Bolivia

11 Things You Didn’t Know About Bolivia

Think you know everything about Bolivia? Think again! This fantastic country is more than meets the eye. Here are 12 facts we bet you didn’t know about Bolivia:

1. Bolivia receives over 8 meters of rainfall every year, making it one of the wettest countries in the world.

madidi national park
“Dry season” is a bit of a misnomer in the rain forest

2. Diverse geographic regions and rainforests make Bolivia one of the most biodiverse countries on the planet.

Bolivia contains over 40% of all animal and plant species in the world. Bolivia is home to over 20,000 species of plants. Madidi National Park alone includes over 12,000 plant species.


3. The highest navigable lake in the world is Lake Titicaca, between Bolivia and Peru.

The lake is 12,382 feet above sea level and takes about six hours to cross on a hydrofoil. It is also South America’s largest lake by volume and one of the deepest lakes in the world, at 922 feet deep.

woman with sheep by lake titicaca bolivia
If all else fails, you can always walk

4. Salar de Uyuni, the world’s largest salt flat, contains over 64 million tons of salt!

In rainy season, a thin layer of water covers the entire flat, creating a surreal reflective surface.

stay safe in bolivia
Abandoned VW bus in Bolivia

5. The largest lithium deposit in the world is located under the Salar de Uyuni salt flats.

Bolivians are hesitant to extract the lithium, because it would destroy the natural beauty of the salt flats (and Bolivia’s main tourist attraction). Incidentally, the world’s largest iron ore mine is in the Cerro Mutún in the Department of Santa Cruz.

salar de uyuni bolivia
The Salar de Uyuni is the most popular destination in Bolivia

6. Bolivia has 36 official languages.

That’s because the 2009 version of the Constitution lists all Bolivian indigenous languages as official languages.

La Paz, Bolivia street market
One of the many street markets in La Paz, Bolivia

7. Bolivia is fourth in the world for diversity of butterfly species.

The world’s largest butterfly sanctuary is located in Santa Cruz.

jungle trek bolivia madidi national park
Trekking in the rain forest

8. The second-highest golf club in the world is located in La Paz.

Golfers can play the best game of their life here because the thin air offers less air resistance, leading to some epic drives.

bolivia golf
Golfing at the second highest course in the world

9. Some people may tell you that La Paz is the highest capital in the world, but that’s not strictly correct.

The judicial seat of government is in Sucre and the executive and legislative branches are in La Paz. The official capital city is Sucre, but La Paz is the major seat of government.

Sucre, the White City of Bolivia

10. The of the two highest cities in the world are in Bolivia.

Potosí is the highest at over 4,000 meters above sea level, and La Paz is second highest. In the 1500s, Potosí was among the richest cities in the world.

La paz bolivia skyline with mountain in the background


11. Bolivia produces 70% of the world’s Brazil nuts.

Maybe they should name them Bolivia nuts!

Brazil nut vendor in La Paz